Why's everyone so scared of the F&B minimum?

Posted by Mike Mason

Jan 21, 2013 7:19:00 PM

FB_pie_chart_blogbkgThe reason people gather for face-to-face meetings each year is the riveting content presented at those meetings. But what people really remember are the banquet events (i.e., catered breakfast, lunch, and dinner). They provide the opportunity for attendees to take a break, come together, and create bonds. It’s here where much of the day’s sessions are put into perspective, discussed and debated, and where the real value of the event often begins to take shape for each attendee. It’s also where a fair portion of your meeting budget is spent and where hotels make a nice chunk of profit. In order to protect this revenue stream, hotels almost always include a minimum Food & Beverage spend in their contracts.

During my hotel sales days, I always found it funny when a customer would attempt to negotiate down our hotel food and beverage minimums, when it was clear by the size of the group that they were going to end up spending more than what we were asking. Now I get the premise: Less committed spend means less overall commitment to the hotel. But when groups do blow past their F&B minimums, they get no additional benefit for the spend.

So that brings us to this week’s zinger...

What happens if we turn the idea of the F&B minimum on its head?
Instead of thinking of the minimum as a liability, try seeing it as a benefit that can help drive better value from your hotel partner. Here are a few ideas to help you get more value out of your food and beverage spend.

Tip 1: Add a second F&B minimum to unlock extra value.

Sounds crazy, right? Not really. If you happen to be spending more than what the hotel requires, you’re leaving money on the table. Think of it this way: The first F&B minimum is for the hotel … the second minimum amount is for your company.

Here’s a real-world example. Say you’re having a sales manager retreat, with 50 people for three nights. That’s three breakfasts, three lunches, three dinners, and at least one cocktail reception. You do your homework and come up with your budget for the event.

    • Your estimated food & beverage budget: $16,000
    • The hotel’s minimum F&B: $12,000
    • Difference: $4,000 -- in your favor

This additional spend of $4,000 means you have real leverage to add some value to your overall meeting. So tell your hotel salesperson, “I agree to the F&B minimum … and I want another number put into the contract. If we spend at least $16,000 on F&B, we’ll unlock these additional concessions.”

Then ask for some things that will create real value for your group. Need more suite upgrades? How about IT help? Whatever you might be missing from your bag of goodies can be leveraged with an F&B maximum clause.


Tip 2: Miss your F&B minimum? Remember ‘PPAPP.’

Sometimes, despite your best efforts, you miss your F&B minimum. Not to worry, as long as you’ve planned ahead. Hotels have wiggle room with F&B minimums, because “Penalty Payments Are Pure Profit” (PPAPP). Here’s the rationale: For every $1,000 a patron spends on F&B, the hotel pays approximately $300 in hard costs (the actual food and beverages consumed). If you miss your F&B minimum, the hotel isn’t incurring the costs of those un-scarfed meals and un-quaffed drinks. Knowing this, you can put a provision like this in your contract: “In the event that the F&B minimum is not met, Customer will pay 70% of the difference between the F&B minimum and the actual spend.”

With some clever preparation, you can turn the F&B minimum to your advantage. Feeding hotels the right information, and offering to step up certain commitments within your control, will keep their tummies full and your budget in control.


Tip 3: Ask the hotel up-front what their F&B minimum is for your dates – not your program.

Most hotels have a minimum amount of F&B spend that they need to earn per room-night. You can bet that this number varies widely based on the time of year.

If you’re planning an event that has a lot of food & beverage spend, ask the hotels to quote you their per-day F&B minimum. It’s a great number to have before you start negotiating. Knowing this number also lets you gauge the likelihood that the hotel is the right fit for you and your budget. It will also help you understand if  you have leverage with the hotel already built into your budget.


Other tips/thoughts:

  • If you have the history of what you have spent in catering or in outlets, share it with the hotels. Next time you operate a meeting, ask your host hotel if there is a way for them to track your F&B spend for you. It’s always helpful to have this handy!
  • If you were planning on taking a dinner off-site, can you keep it on-site?
  • Often times, hotels charge a room rental fee to make up the shortage of F&B spend. Why not take that fee and apply to your food budget, so you'll be sure to get something in return?




Download our FREE

Meeting Planner Guide 

To Food & Beverage Minimums


Download the free guide and you'll learn to:

  • How to leverage your F&B spend
  • Ways to negotiate the minimum
  • What you can do if you miss your minimum


Topics: Event Marketing

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